15 Strange Things About The Earth That You Didn't Know
15 strange things about the earth that you didn't know.
#StrangeThings #FunFacts #Earth
1. The Sphinx: Many people originally thought that the Sphinx was a human face and a lion’s body but in reality, erosion caused the original face to break down and it was later restructuring and touching up that formed the face we know today.
2. The hottest place on earth: The hottest place on planet Earth is Death Valley in California. According to the World Meteorological Organization Global Weather & Climate Extremes Archive from Arizona State University, Death Valley's Furnace Creek holds the record for the highest recorded temperature on earth. Set on July 10, 1913, the temperature was recorded at 56.7 degrees Celsius, or 134 degrees Fahrenheit.
3. The lowest temperature on earth: The lowest temperature to have ever been recorded on Earth was at the Soviet Vostok Station in Antarctica. It was on July 21, 1983, when researchers recorded a temperature of -89.2 Celsius.
4. The Earth’s magnetic poles: Every 450 thousand years, the Earth will switch magnetic poles. So what was once the magnetic north has been changed to the south. But have no fear, the next change is under 2000 years away!
5. The tallest mountain in the world: While most people regard Mount Everest as the tallest mountain in the world, if you were to measure a mountain from base to mountaintop, then Mauna Kea in Hawaii would be the tallest one.
6. The largest meteorite to have ever landed on earth: The largest meteorite to have landed on Earth was found in Namibia, Africa and it weighs 66 tons! However, this meteorite did NOT break upon impact and is estimated to have landed on Earth more than 80,000 years ago.
7. The truth about the Tyrannosaurus Rex: The Tyrannosaurus Rex might not be as fast as movies would like to tell you. Scientists now estimate that the T-Rex can run between 15 to 25 miles per hour. This is much slower than a car but could be faster than some people on foot!
8. The driest place on earth: The McMurdo Dry Valleys are the driest place on Earth and this piece of land is located in Antarctica. The area is essentially Antarctica without any ice or snow. There has not been any rain there for over 2 million years.
9. The oldest fossils on earth: The oldest fossils to have ever been found were around 3.5 billion years old. They were not of any animals or plants but of bacteria!
10. The Earth’s atmosphere is split up into different layers. The Carmen Line is the sky you see and that is about 62 kilometers from the Earth. There are four more layers which get larger and thinner as one ascends. The last one is called the exosphere and it is the highest you can go without leaving Earth’s gravitational pull. This is where most satellites end up.
11. The Dead Sea: The Dead Sea is the lowest land point in all of the world. It lies around 430 meters below sea level and it borders Israel, Palestine, and Jordan.
12. The oldest religious construction found on Earth: This famous construction is known as Gobekli Tepe. Located in Turkey, it is estimated to be over 10,000 years in age and is thus older than the pyramids and Stonehenge.
13. There are species in this world that we don’t know about: There are a ton of species that humans have not discovered yet. It is estimated that there are approximately 5 to 10 million species in the world.
14. The smallest mammal on earth: The smallest mammal in length is the Kitti’s Hog-nosed bat. It is only 1.1 to 1.3 inches in length and weighs only two grams! These ‘bumblebee bats’ were found in caves in Thailand and Burma in the early 1900’s.
15. There are two kinds of auroras on Earth. Although most of us are aware of the Northern Lights or the Aurora Borealis, less of us are aware of the Southern Lights. The Southern Lights also called the Aurora Australis and they can be best seen in Antarctica , although they can sometimes be viewed in New Zealand or Australia as well. The Northern Lights can be best seen in Iceland or Norway but can also be viewed in northern Canada or some places in Europe.