Camouflaged Octopus Changes Color, Texture And Shape In Front Of Camera

DiveDiscoverPublished: November 24, 201728,372 views
Published: November 24, 2017

They say that octopi are masters of disguise. They can change their appearance to blend in better with their environment, hiding themselves from both predators and prey! But hiding isn’t the only thing they know how to do well!

The octopus cyanea, or big blue octopus, is quite adept at camouflage and not only can change colour frequently, but also can change the patterns on and texture of its skin. One researcher observed it change its appearance a thousand times in seven hours. As it moves across the seabed it makes changes in its colouring and appearance to match the substrate beneath.

The color changes are momentary and made by chromatophores (pigment-containing and light-reflecting cells) under direct control of the brain. This octopus sometimes produces a "passing clouds" display when stationary near prey such as a crab; this mimics a dark shadow passing across its surface and may encourage the crab to move incautiously.

The texture, on the other hand, is being changed by tiny muscles in the skin itself.

When the times comes for an octopus to go looking for a meal, hunting crustaceans and mollusks, they use their suckers to literally testa everything they touch. As soon as they sense a prey, their tentacles form a tent around the hole and the prey can no longer escape.

Check out all the incredible things this octopus can do. What an amazing animal! Filmed in Zanzibar.

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    3 comments

    • 2 rumbles
      BroncoBob · 46 weeks ago

      I have to say, octopi are very mysterious, intriguing, I really want to know more about them even at 68 yo. Thank's for sharing.

      • 1 rumble
        DiveDiscover · 46 weeks ago

        Nothing to thanks for Bob ;) My english is not so good to explain you anything but you may be interested in that : ---> this text is from Ellen J. Prager - A number of cephalopods--the group of animals that includes octopuses, squid and cuttlefish--are skilled in the art of color change, which can be used for camouflage or to startle and warn potential predators in their undersea realm. Many of these creatures have special pigment cells called chromatophores in their skin. By controlling the size of the cells they can vary their color and even create changing patterns. Chromatophores are connected to the nervous system, and their size is determined by muscular contractions. The cephalopods also have extremely well developed eyes, which are believed to detect both the color and intensity of light. Using their excellent eyesight and chromatophores, cephalopods camouflage themselves by creating color patterns that closely match the underlying seafloor. In squid, color changes also occur when the animal is disturbed or feels threatened. Best regards, Dive&Discover reply · delete

      • 1 rumble
        webfilmat · 23 weeks ago

        Nice Video from Camouflaged Octopus when Changes Color.