sketch of warrior in mahabarat

anonymousPublished: September 24, 201610 views
Published: September 24, 2016

Published on Sep 23, 2016

Arjuna (in Devanagari: अर्जुन arjuna) is one of the protagonists of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata and plays a key role in the Bhagavad Gita alongside Krishna.[1][2][3] He is also considered by many the best archer of his time (although disputed by some in favour of Karna). He was the third of the Pandava brothers and was married to Draupadi, Ulupi, Chitrangada and Subhadra (Krishna's sister) at different occasions. His children included Srutakarma, Iravan, Babruvahana, and Abhimanyu.
Shakuni, Duryodhana's uncle, now arranges a dice game, playing against Yudhishthira with loaded dice. Yudhishthira loses all his wealth, then his kingdom. He then even gambles his brothers, himself, and finally his wife into servitude. The jubilant Kauravas insult the Pandavas in their helpless state and even try to disrobe Draupadi in front of the entire court, but her honour is saved by Krishna who miraculously creates lengths of cloth to replace the ones being removed.

Dhritarashtra, Bhishma, and the other elders are aghast at the situation, but Duryodhana is adamant that there is no place for two crown princes in Hastinapura. Against his wishes Dhritarashtra orders for another dice game. The Pandavas are required to go into exile for 12 years, and in the 13th year must remain hidden. If discovered by the Kauravas, they will be forced into exile for another 12 years.
Main article: Kurukshetra War
A black stone relief depicting a number of men wearing a crown and a dhoti, fighting with spears, swords and bows. A chariot with half the horse out of the frame is seen in the middle.
A scene from the Mahabharata war, Angkor Wat: A black stone relief depicting a number of men wearing a crown and a dhoti, fighting with spears, swords and bows. A chariot with half the horse out of the frame is seen in the middle.

The two sides summon vast armies to their help and line up at Kurukshetra for a war. The kingdoms of Panchala, Dwaraka, Kasi, Kekaya, Magadha, Matsya, Chedi, Pandyas, Telinga, and the Yadus of Mathura and some other clans like the Parama Kambojas were allied with the Pandavas. The allies of the Kauravas included the kings of Pragjyotisha, Anga, Kekaya, Sindhudesa (including Sindhus, Sauviras and Sivis), Mahishmati, Avanti in Madhyadesa, Madra, Gandhara, Bahlika people, Kambojas and many others. Before war being declared, Balarama had expressed his unhappiness at the developing conflict and left to go on pilgrimage; thus he does not take part in the battle itself. Krishna takes part in a non-combatant role, as charioteer for Arjuna.

Before the battle, Arjuna, seeing the opposing army includes many relatives and loved ones, including his great grandfather Bhishma and his teacher Drona, has doubts about the battle and he fails to lift his Gāndeeva bow. Krishna wakes him up to his call of duty in the famous Bhagavad Gita section of the epic.

Though initially sticking to chivalrous notions of warfare, both sides soon adopt dishonourable tactics. At the end of the 18-day battle, only the Pandavas, Satyaki, Kripa, Ashwatthama, Kritavarma, Yuyutsu and Krishna survive. 1 Etymology and other names 2 Birth and youth 3 Tutelage under Drona 4 Marriage to Draupadi 5 Burning of Khandava Vana 5.1 Saving Mayasura 6 Arjuna's Tirtha-yatra and Indraprastha 6.1 Meeting Uloopi 6.2 Chitrangadaa at Manipura 6.3 Reaching Dwarka and Subhadra 7 Conquest for Rajasuya 8 Exile 8.1 Penance for Pashupatastra 8.2 Urvashi's curse 8.3 Nivata-kavachas and Hiranyapura 8.4 Meeting Hanuman 8.5 Eunuch at Virata's Kingdom 9 Kurukshetra War 9.1 Bhagavad Gita 9.2 Battles fought at Kurukshetra 10 Conquest for Ashvamedha 10.1 Manipur and death by Babruvahana 11 Death 12 In popular culture 13 Modern references 14 In Modern Television 15 Notes 16 Bibliography

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