THE RESOLVE INITIATIVE - CANDIDATE DEBATES 2022
THE RESOLVE DEBATES
KINGSWOOD ART CENTER
396 SOUTH MAIN STREET
FRIDAY AUGUST 5, 2022
RECORDED BY: ©KOOCH PIX
4:00-4:30 Set up / meet & greet
4:30-5:00 Opening Prayer/Pledge/Introduction
5:00-5:30 State Senate District 2 Debate
David Devoy and John Plumer
5:30-6:00 State Senate Candidates
Kevin Avard, Nancy Cunning, Gary Daniels, Thomas Dunne, Ian Freeman, Lou Gargiulo, Dan O’Shea, Ross Terrio, and Michael Yakubovich
6:00-6:30 Executive Council District 2 Debate
Harold French and Kim Strathdee
6:30-6:45 Executive Council Candidates
Anne Copp and Terese Grinnell
7:00-8:00 Governor Debate
Jullian Acciard, Jay Lewis, Thad Riley, and Karen Testerman
8:00-8:15 The Resolve Initiative instructions.
8:15-8:30 Article 10 NH Bill of Rights; NH Committee of Safety
8:30-9:30 Closing Prayer and an Appeal to Heaven
9:30-10:00 Pack up
Qualifications For Office
NH State Constitution Authority
2022 Gubernatorial Candidates
● Julianne Acciard
● Jay Lewis
● Thad Riley
● Chris Sununu - incumbent
● Karen Testerman
Qualifications for Office
-Must be 30 years of age, a registered voter and domiciled in New Hampshire for at least 7 years. [Qualifications for Office | New Hampshire Secretary of State (nh.gov)]
NH State Constitution Governor
Part 2, Form of Government, Executive Power - Governor of the New Hampshire State Constitution grants the following authority: [State Constitution - Executive Power - Governor | NH.gov]
Art.] 41. [Governor, Supreme Executive Magistrate.] There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who shall be styled the Governor of the State of New Hampshire, and whose title shall be His Excellency. The executive power of the state is vested in the governor. The governor shall be responsible for the faithful execution of the laws. He may, by appropriate court action or proceeding brought in the name of the state, enforce compliance with any constitutional or legislative mandate, or restrain violation of any constitutional or legislative power, duty, or right, by any officer, department or agency of the state. This authority shall not be construed to authorize any action or proceedings against the legislative or judicial branches.
[Art.] 42. [Election of Governor, Return of Votes; Electors; If No Choice, Legislature to Elect One of Two Highest Candidates; Qualifications for Governor.] The governor shall be chosen biennially in the month of November; and the votes for governor shall be received, sorted, counted, certified and returned, in the same manner as the votes for senators; and the secretary shall lay the same before the senate and house of representatives, on the first Wednesday following the first Tuesday of January to be by them examined, and in case of an election by a plurality of votes through the state, the choice shall be by them declared and published. And the qualifications of electors of the governor shall be the same as those for senators; and if no person shall have a plurality of votes, the senate and house of representatives shall, by joint ballot elect one of the two persons, having the highest number of votes, who shall be declared governor. And no person shall be eligible to this office, unless at the time of his election, he shall have been an inhabitant of this state for 7 years next preceding, and unless he shall be of the age of 30 years.
[Art.] 43. [In Cases of Disagreement Governor to Adjourn or Prorogue Legislature; If Causes Exist, May Convene Them Elsewhere.] In cases of disagreement between the two houses, with regard to the time or place of adjournment or prorogation, the governor, with advice of council, shall have a right to adjourn or prorogue the general court, not exceeding ninety days at any one time, as he may determine the public good may require, and he shall dissolve the same on the first Wednesday of December biennially. And, in cases whereby dangers may arise to the health or lives of the members from their attendance at the general court at any place, the governor may direct the session to be holden at some other the most convenient place within the state.
[Art.] 44. [Veto to Bills.] Every bill which shall have passed both houses of the general court, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor, if he approves, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it; if after such reconsideration, two thirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with such objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and, if approved by two thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of persons, voting for or against the bill, shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the governor within five days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it unless the legislature, by their adjournment, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.
[Art.] 45. [Resolves to Be Treated Like Bills.] Every resolve shall be presented to the governor, and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by the senate and house of representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.
[Art.] 46. [Nomination and Appointment of Officers.] All judicial officers, the attorney general, and all officers of the navy, and general and field officers of the militia, shall be nominated and appointed by the governor and council; and every such nomination shall be made at least three days prior to such appointment; and no appointment shall take place, unless a majority of the council agree thereto.
[Art.] 47. [Governor and Council Have Negative on Each Other.] The governor and council shall have a negative on each other, both in the nominations and appointments. Every nomination and appointment shall be signed by the governor and council, and every negative shall be also signed by the governor or council who made the same.
[Art.] 48. [Field Officers to Recommend, and Governor to Appoint, Company Officers.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 49. [President of Senate, etc., To Act as Governor When Office Vacant; Speaker of House to Act When Office of President of Senate Is also Vacant.] In the event of the death, resignation, removal from office, failure to qualify, physical or mental incapacity, absence from the state, or other incapacity of the governor, the president of the senate, for the time being, shall act as governor until the vacancy is filled or the incapacity is removed; and if the president of the senate, for any of the above named causes, shall become incapable of performing the duties of governor, the same shall devolve upon the speaker of the house of representatives, for the time being, or in the case of the like incapacity of the speaker, upon the secretary of state, or in case of his like incapacity, upon the state treasurer, each of whom, in that order, shall act as governor, as hereinabove provided, until the vacancy is filled or the incapacity removed. Whenever a vacancy for the duration or remainder of the governor´s term of office occurs before the commencement of the last year of such term, a special election for governor shall take place to fill the vacancy, as provided by law. Whenever the speaker of the house acts as governor, he shall act as such only until such time as the vacancy is filled or the incapacity removed in either the office of governor or of president of the senate, whichever occurs first. Whenever either the secretary of state or the treasurer acts as governor, he shall act as such only until such time as the vacancy is filled or the incapacity removed in the offices of governor, of president of the senate or of speaker of the house, whichever occurs first. While acting as governor under this article, the president of the senate, speaker of the house, secretary of state or state treasurer, as the case may be, shall be styled Acting Governor, shall not be required to take an additional oath of office, shall have and exercise all the powers, duties and authorities of, and receive compensation equal to that of the office of governor; and the capacity of each such officer to serve as president of the senate as well as senator, speaker of the house of representatives as well as representative, secretary of state, or state treasurer, as the case may be, or to receive the compensation of such office, shall be suspended only. While the governor or an acting governor is absent from the state on official business, he shall have the power and authority to transact such business.
[Art.] 49-a [Prolonged Failure to Qualify; Vacancy in Office of Governor Due to Physical or Mental Incapacity, etc.] Whenever the governor transmits to the secretary of state and president of the senate his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office by reason of physical or mental incapacity and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, the president of the senate, for the time being, shall act as governor as provided in article 49, subject to the succession provisions therein set forth. Whenever it reasonably appears to the attorney general and a majority of the council that the governor is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office by reason of physical or mental incapacity, but the governor is unwilling or unable to transmit his written declaration to such effect as above provided, the attorney general shall file a petition for declaratory judgment in the supreme court requesting a judicial determination of the ability of the governor to discharge the powers and duties of his office. After notice and hearing, the justices of the supreme court shall render such judgment as they find warranted by a preponderance of the evidence; and, if the court holds that the governor is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the president of the senate, for the time being, shall act as governor as provided in article 49, subject to the succession provisions therein set forth, until such time as the disability of the governor is removed or a newly elected governor is inaugurated. Such disability, once determined by the supreme court, may be removed upon petition for declaratory judgment to the supreme court by the governor if the court finds, after notice and hearing, by a preponderance of the evidence that the governor is able to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Whenever such disability of the governor, as determined by his written declaration or by judgment of the supreme court, has continued for a period of 6 months, the general court may, by concurrent resolution adopted by both houses, declare the office of governor vacant. Whenever the governor elect fails to qualify by reason of physical or mental incapacity or any cause other than death or resignation, for a period of 6 months following the inauguration date established by this constitution, the general court may, by concurrent resolution adopted by both houses, declare the office of governor vacant. The provisions of article 49 shall govern the filling of such vacancy, either by special election or continued service of an acting governor. If the general court is not in session when any such 6-month period expires, the acting governor, upon written request of at least 1/4 of the members of each house, shall convene the general court in special session for the sole purpose of considering and acting on the question whether to declare a vacancy in the office of governor under this article.
[Art.] 50. [Governor to Prorogue or Adjourn Legislature, and Call Extra Sessions.] The governor, with advice of council, shall have full power and authority, in the recess of the general court, to prorogue the same from time to time, not exceeding ninety days, in any one recess of said court; and during the sessions of said court, to adjourn or prorogue it to any time the two houses may desire, and to call it together sooner than the time to which it may be adjourned, or prorogued, if the welfare of the state should require the same.
[Art.] 51. [Powers and Duties of Governor as Commander-in-Chief.] The governor of this state for the time being, shall be commander-in-chief of all the military forces of the state; and shall have full power, by himself or by any chief commander, or other officer or officers, from time to time, to train, instruct, exercise and govern the militia; to call forth the militia and to put in warlike posture the inhabitants of the state; to execute the laws of the state and of the United States; to suppress insurrection and to repel invasion; and, in fine, the governor is hereby entrusted with all other powers incident to the office of commander in chief to be exercised agreeably to the rules and regulations of the constitution and the laws of the land.
[Art.] 52. [Pardoning Power.] The power of pardoning offenses, except such as persons may be convicted of before the senate, by impeachment of the house, shall be in the Governor, by and with the advice of council: But no charter of pardon, granted by the Governor, with advice of the council, before conviction, shall avail the party pleading the same, notwithstanding any general or particular expressions contained therein, descriptive of the offense or offenses intended to be pardoned.
[Art.] 53. [Militia Officers, Removal of.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 54. [Staff and Non-commissioned Officers, by Whom Appointed.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 55. [Division of Militia into Brigades, Regiments, and companies.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 56. [Disbursements from Treasury.] No moneys shall be issued out of the treasury of this state, and disposed of, (except such sums as may be appropriated for the redemption of bills of credit, or treasurer´s notes, or for the payment of interest arising thereon) but by warrant under the hand of the Governor for the time being, by and with the advice and consent of the council, for the necessary support and defense of this state, and for the necessary protection and preservation of the inhabitants thereof, agreeably to the acts and resolves of the General Court.
[Art.] 57. [Accounts of Military Stores.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 58. [Compensation of Governor and Council.] The governor and council shall be compensated for their services, from time to time, by such grants as the general courts shall think reasonable.
[Art.] 59. [Salaries of Judges.] Permanent and honorable salaries shall be established by law, for the justices of the superior court.
District 1: Represents all the towns and cities in the counties of Coos and Grafton, the unincorporated place of Hale's Location, the towns of Albany, Alton, Andover, Bartlett, Brookfield, Center Harbor, Chatham, Conway, Cornish, Croydon, Danbury, Eaton, Effingham, Freedom, Gilford, Grantham, Hart's Location, Hill, Jackson, Madison, Meredith, Middleton, Milton, Moultonborough, New Durham, New Hampton, New London, Newport, Ossipee, Plainfield, Sanbornton, Sandwich, Springfield, Sunapee, Tamworth, Tilton, Tuftonboro, Wakefield, Wilmot, and Wolfeboro, and the cities of Claremont and Laconia.
● Joseph Kenney – incumbent
District 2: Represents the cities and towns of Acworth, Alstead, Barnstead, Belmont, Boscawen, Bradford, Canterbury, Charlestown, Chesterfield, Dublin, Durham, Farmington, Gilmanton, Gilsum, Goshen, Hancock, Harrisville, Henniker, Hinsdale, Hopkinton, Langdon, Lempster, Madbury, Marlborough, Marlow, Nelson, Newbury, Northfield, Rollinsford, Roxbury, Salisbury, Stoddard, Strafford, Sullivan, Surry, Sutton, Unity, Walpole, Warner, Washington, Webster, Westmoreland, and Winchester, and the cities of Concord, Dover, Franklin, Keene, Rochester, and Somersworth.
● Harold French
● Kim Strathdee
District 3: Represents the cities and towns of Atkinson, Brentwood, Chester, Danville, Derry, East Kingston, Epping, Exeter, Fremont, Greenland, Hampstead, Hampton, Hampton Falls, Kensington, Kingston, New Castle, Newfields, Newington, Newmarket, Newton, North Hampton, Pelham, Plaistow, Raymond, Rye, Salem, Sandown, Seabrook, South Hampton, Stratham, and Windham, and the city of Portsmouth.
● Janet Stevens – incumbent
District 4: Represents the cities and towns of Allenstown, Auburn, Barrington, Bedford, Bow, Candia, Chichester, Deerfield, Epsom, Goffstown, Hooksett, Lee, Londonderry, Loudon, Northwood, Nottingham, Pembroke, Pittsfield, and Manchester.
● Ted Gatsas - incumbent
● Terese Grinnell
District 5: Represents the cities and towns of Amherst, Antrim, Bennington, Brookline, Deering, Dunbarton, Fitzwilliam, Francestown, Greenfield, Greenville, Hillsborough, Hollis, Hudson, Jaffrey, Litchfield, Lyndeborough, Mason, Merrimack, Milford, Mont Vernon, New Boston, New Ipswich, Peterborough, Richmond, Rindge, Sharon, Swanzey, Temple, Troy, Weare, Wilton, and Windsor, and the city of Nashua.
● Dave Wheeler - incumbent
● Anne Copp
Qualifications for Office
-Must be 30 years of age, a registered voter and domiciled in New Hampshire for at least 7 years. Must live in the executive council district they are a candidate for. [Qualifications for Office | New Hampshire Secretary of State (nh.gov)]
NH Constitution Executive Council
Part 2, Form of Government, Council, New Hampshire State Constitution grants the following authority: [State Constitution - Council | NH.gov]
[Art.] 60. [Councilors; Mode of Election, etc.] There shall be biennially elected, by ballot, five councilors, for advising the governor in the executive part of government. The freeholders and other inhabitants in each county, qualified to vote for senators, shall some time in the month of November, give in their votes for one councilor; which votes shall be received, sorted, counted, certified, and returned to the secretary's office, in the same manner as the votes for senators, to be by the secretary laid before the senate and house of representatives on the first Wednesday following the first Tuesday of January.
[Art.] 6l. [Vacancies, How Filled, if No Choice.] And the person having a plurality of votes in any county, shall be considered as duly elected a councilor: But if no person shall have a plurality of votes in any county, the senate and house of representatives shall take the names of the two persons who have the highest number of votes in each county, and not elected, and out of those two shall elect by joint ballot, the councilor wanted for such county, and the qualifications for councilors shall be the same as for senator.
[Art.] 62. [Subsequent Vacancies; Governor to Convene; Duties.] If any person thus chosen a councilor, shall be elected governor or member of either branch of the legislature, and shall accept the trust; or if any person elected a councilor, shall refuse to accept the office, or in case of the death, resignation, or removal of any councilor out of the state, the governor may issue a precept for the election of a new councilor in that county where such vacancy shall happen and the choice shall be in the same manner as before directed. And the Governor shall have full power and authority to convene the council, from time to time, at his discretion; and, with them, or the majority of them, may and shall, from time to time hold a council, for ordering and directing the affairs of the state, according to the laws of the land.
[Art.] 63. [Impeachment of Councilors.] The members of the council may be impeached by the house, and tried by the senate for bribery, corruption, malpractice, or maladministration.
[Art.] 64. [Secretary to Record Proceedings of Council.] The resolutions and advice of the council shall be recorded by the secretary, in a register, and signed by all members present agreeing thereto; and this record may be called for at any time, by either house of the legislature; and any member of the council may enter his opinion contrary to the resolutions of the majority, with the reasons for such opinion.
[Art.] 65. [Councilor Districts Provided for.] The legislature may, if the public good shall hereafter require it, divide the state into five districts, as nearly equal as may be, governing themselves by the number of population, each district to elect a councilor: And, in case of such division, the manner of the choice shall be conformable to the present mode of election in counties.
[Art.] 66. [Elections by Legislature May Be Adjourned From Day to Day; Order Thereof.] And, whereas the elections, appointed to be made by this constitution on the first Wednesday of January biennially, by the two houses of the legislature, may not be completed on that day, the said elections may be adjourned from day to day, until the same be completed; and the order of the elections shall be as follows the vacancies in the senate, if any, shall be first filled up: The governor shall then be elected, provided there shall be no choice of him by the people: And afterwards, the two houses shall proceed to fill up the vacancy, if any, in the council.
The New Hampshire "Governor and Executive Council" duties and responsibilities.
The NH Governor and Executive Council perform many valuable tasks that are of major importance to our fiscally conservative, very open government.
● All major executive branch business is conducted in public with the press present.
● All state Departments and Agencies must seek approval of both receipt and expenditures of state and federal funds, budgetary transfers within the department and all personal service contracts with a value of $10,000 and all contracts with a value of $10,000. (2018) Department of Administrative Services Manual of Procedures Section V.
● The Executive Council approves the spending of a major portion of the approximately 5.2 billion dollars that is appropriated annually by the legislature.
● Executive Councilors serve as watchdogs of the state treasury to ensure state departments do not spend more than was authorized by the legislature, nor allocate funds for items or services which the legislature has not sanctioned.
● The Executive Council approves the appointments of Judges, Commissioners, Notary Public, Justice of Peace, Commissioners of Deeds and hears Pardon Requests.
● The Executive Council plays a vital role in improving the state's infrastructure, especially roads and bridges, via management and oversight of the state's 10 year Highway Plan (GACIT).
● Executive Councilors make certain that those appointed to the executive branch of state government, whether Commissioners, Department heads or citizen members of the myriad of regulatory boards, agencies and commissions are all responsible to the citizens of New Hampshire and not to special interests. (List of commissions and boards)
● More importantly, Executive Councilors are the constituent's eyes and ears in Concord. They ensure the executive branch of state government is fiscally conservative and above reproach.
● Each biennium the Governor and Executive Council appoint more than 300 citizens to serve on various state agencies, boards and commissions. The Governor "nominates" and the Executive Council "confirms" unclassified state employees including Commissioners, Deputy Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners. They also confirm District, Superior and Supreme Court Justices, medical referees and military officers.
● Councilors are elected every two years to serve as advocates for the people.
District 1: Atk. & Gil. Ac. Grant, Errol, Pittsburg, Bath, Lyman, Berlin, Erving's Location, Randolph, Benton, Monroe,Cambridge, Gorham, Second College Grant, Bethlehem, Piermont,Carroll, Jefferson, Shelburne, Easton, Rumney,Clarksville, Kilkenny, Stark, Ellsworth, Sugar Hill,Colebrook Lancaster Stewartstown Franconia Warren, Columbia, Low & Burbank's Grant, Stratford, Haverhill, Woodstock, Dalton, Milan, Success, Landaff, Dix's Grant, Millsfield, Wentworth's Location, Lisbon, Dixville, Northumberland, Whitefield, Littleton, Dummer, and Odell
● Carrie Gendreau
District 2: Belmont, Sandwich, Ashland, Center Harbor, Campton, Gilford, Holderness,
Laconia, Thornton, Meredith, New Hampton, and Sanbornton
● Timothy Lang
● Dave DeVoy
● John Plumer
District 3: Albany, Bean's Grant, Lincoln, Bartlett, Bean's Purchase, Livermore, Brookfield, Chandler's Purchase, Waterville Valley, Chatham, Crawford's Purchase, Conway, Cutt's Grant, Eaton, Green's Grant, ,Hadley's Purchase, Middleton, Freedom, Martin's Location, Milton, Hale's Location Pinkham's Grant, Hart's Location, Sargent's Purchase, Jackson, Thompson & Meserve's Purchase, Madison, Moultonborough, Ossipee, Tamworth, Tuftonboro, Wakefield, and Wolfeboro
● Jeb Bradley - incumbent
● Nancy Cunning
District 4: Barrington, Dover, Rollinsford, and Somersworth
● Seamus Casey
District 5: Canaan, New London, Dorchester, Enfield, Groton, Hanover, Lebanon, Cornish, Lyme, Grantham Orford, Plainfield, Plymouth, Springfield, and Wentworth
● John McIntyre
District 6: Alton, Farmington, New Durham, Gilmanton, Rochester, and Strafford
● James Gray – incumbent
District 7: Tilton, Hillsborough, Andover, Boscawen, Bradford, Alexandria, Goshen, Danbury, Bridgewater, Franklin, Bristol, Henniker, Grafton, Hill, Hebron, Newbury, Orange, Salisbury, Sutton, Warner, Webster, and Wilmot
● Thomas Dunn
● Daniel Innis
District 8: Gilsum. Dunbarton, Acworth, Marlow, Charlestown, Stoddard, Claremont, Croydon, Langdon, Antrim, Lempster, Bennington, Newport, Deering, Sunapee, Francestown, Unity, Weare, Washington, and Windsor
● Ruth Ward - incumbent
District 9: Fitzwilliam, Bedford, Hinsdale, Greenfield, Jaffrey, Lyndeborough, Richmond, Mount Vernon, Troy, New Boston, Winchester, Sharon, and Temple
● Denise Ricciardi - incumbent
District 10: Alstead, Nelson, Roxbury, Hancock, Chesterfield, Sulivan, Peterborough, Dublin, Surry, Harrisville, Swanzey, Keene, Walpole, Marlborough, and Westmoreland
● Ian Freeman
● Sly Karasinski
District 11: Amherst, Merrimack, Milford, and Wilton
● Gary Daniels - incumbent
● John Frechette
District 12: Rindge, Brookline, Greenville, Hollis, Mason, Nashua Wards 1, 2, 5, and New Ipswich
● Kevin Avard
District 13: Nashua Wards 3, 4,6, 7, 8, 9
● Daniel J. Paul
● Stephen Scaer
District 14: Hudson, Auburn, and Londonderry
● Sharon Carson – incumbent
District 15: Bow, Concord, and Hopkinton
● Linda Rae Banfill
District 16: Goffstown, Hookset, Manchester Ward 1, Candia, and Raymond
● Barbara Griffin
● Michael Yakubovich
District 17: Barnstead, Allenstown, Deerfield, Canterbury, Northwood, Chichester, Nottingham, Epsom, Loudon, Northfield, Pembroke, and Pittsfield
● Scott R. Bryer
● Howard Pearl
District 18: Litchfield, and Manchester Wards 5, 6, 7, 8. 9
● George Lambert
● Ross Terrio
District 19: Derry, Hampstead, and Windham
● Regina Birdsell – incumbent
District 20: Manchester Wards 2, 3, 4, 10, 11, 12
● Richard H. Girard
District 21: New Castle, Durham, Lee, Newfields, Newington, Madbury, Newmarket, and Portsmouth
District 22: Pelham, Atkinson, Plaistow, and Salem
● Daryl Abbas
● Peter Torosian
District 23: Brentwood, Chester, Danville, East Kingston, Epping, Fremont, Kensington, Kingston, Newton, Sanborn, Seabrook, and South Hampton
● Bill Gannon - incumbent
● Dan O’Shea
District 24: Exeter, Greenland, Hampton, Hampton Falls, North Hampton, Rye, and Stratham
● Lou Gargiulo
Qualifications for Office
-Must be 30 years of age, a registered voter and domiciled in New Hampshire for at least 7 years. Must live in the senate district they are a candidate for. [Qualifications for Office | New Hampshire Secretary of State (nh.gov)]
NH State Constitution Senate
Part 2, Form of Government, Senate, New Hampshire State Constitution grants the following authority: [State Constitution - Part 2, House of Representatives | NH.gov]
[Art.] 25. [Senate, How Constituted.] The senate shall consist of twenty four members.
[Art.] 26. [Senatorial Districts, How Constituted.] And that the state may be equally represented in the senate, the legislature shall divide the state into single member districts, as nearly equal as may be in population, each consisting of contiguous towns, city wards and unincorporated places, without dividing any town, city ward or unincorporated place. The legislature shall form the single member districts at its next session after approval of this article by the voters of the state and thereafter at the regular session following each decennial federal census.
[Art.] 26-a. [Division of Town, Ward or Place; Senatorial Districts.] Notwithstanding Article 26 or any other article, a law providing for an apportionment to form senatorial districts under Article 26 of Part Second may divide a town, ward or unincorporated place into two or more senatorial districts if such town, ward or place by referendum requests such division.
[Art.] 27. [Election of Senators.] The freeholders and other inhabitants of each district, qualified as in this constitution is provided shall biennially give in their votes for a senator, at some meeting holden in the month of November.
[Art.] 28. [Senators, How and by Whom Chosen; Right of Suffrage.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 29. [Qualifications of Senators.] Provided nevertheless, that no person shall be capable of being elected a senator, who is not of the age of thirty years, and who shall not have been an inhabitant of this state for seven years immediately preceding his election, and at the time thereof he shall be an inhabitant of the district for which he shall be chosen. Should such person, after election, cease to be an inhabitant of the district for which he was chosen, he shall be disqualified to hold said position and a vacancy shall be declared therein.
[Art.] 30. [Inhabitant Defined.] And every person, qualified as the constitution provides, shall be considered an inhabitant for the purpose of being elected into any office or place within this state, in the town, or ward, where he is domiciled.
[Art.] 31. [Inhabitants of Unincorporated Places; Their Rights, etc.] (Repealed)
[Art.] 32. [Biennial Meetings, How Warned, Governed, and Conducted; Return of Votes, etc.] The meetings for the choice of governor, council and senators, shall be warned by warrant from the selectmen, and governed by a moderator, who shall, in the presence of the selectmen (whose duty it shall be to attend) in open meeting, receive the votes of all the inhabitants of such towns and wards present, and qualified to vote for senators; and shall, in said meetings, in presence of the said selectmen, and of the town or city clerk, in said meetings, sort and count the said votes, and make a public declaration thereof, with the name of every person voted for, and the number of votes for each person; and the town or city clerk shall make a fair record of the same at large, in the town book, and shall make out a fair attested copy thereof, to be by him sealed up and directed to the secretary of state, within five days following the election, with a superscription expressing the purport thereof.
[Art.] 33. [Secretary of State to Count Votes for Senators and Notify Persons Elected.] And that there may be a due meeting of senators and representatives on the first Wednesday of December, biennially, the secretary of state shall, as soon as may be, examine the returned copy of such records; and fourteen days before the first Wednesday of December, he shall issue his summons to such persons as appear to be chosen senators and representatives, by a plurality of votes, to attend and take their seats on that day.
[Art.] 34. [Vacancies in Senate, How Filled.] And in case there shall not appear to be a senator elected, by a plurality of votes, for any district, the deficiency shall be supplied in the following manner, viz. The members of the house of representatives, and such senators as shall be declared elected, shall take the names of the two persons having the highest number of votes in the district, and out of them shall elect, by joint ballot, the senator wanted for such district; and in this manner all such vacancies shall be filled up, in every district of the state and in case the person receiving a plurality of votes in any district is found by the Senate not to be qualified to be seated, a new election shall be held forthwith in said district. All vacancies in the senate arising by death, removal out of the state, or otherwise, except from failure to elect, shall be filled by a new election by the people of the district upon the requisition of the governor and council, as soon as may be after such vacancies shall happen.
[Art.] 35. [Senate, Judges of Their Own Elections.] The senate shall be final judges of the elections, returns, and qualifications, of their own members, as pointed out in this constitution.
[Art.] 36. [Adjournment.] The senate shall have power to adjourn themselves, and whenever they shall sit on the trial of any impeachment, they may adjourn to such time and place as they may think proper although the legislature be not assembled on such day, or at such place.
[Art.] 37. [Senate to Elect Their Own Officers; Quorum.] The senate shall appoint their president and other officers, and determine their own rules of proceedings: And not less than thirteen members of the senate shall make a quorum for doing business; and when less than sixteen senators shall be present, the assent of ten, at least, shall be necessary to render their acts and proceedings valid.
[Art.] 38. [Senate to Try Impeachments; Mode of Proceeding.] The senate shall be a court, with full power and authority to hear, try, and determine, all impeachments made by the house of representatives against any officer or officers of the state, for bribery, corruption, malpractice or maladministration, in office; with full power to issue summons, or compulsory process, for convening witnesses before them: But previous to the trial of any such impeachment, the members of the senate shall respectively be sworn truly and impartially to try and determine the charge in question, according to evidence. And every officer, impeached for bribery, corruption, malpractice or maladministration in office, shall be served with an attested copy of the impeachment, and order of the senate thereon with such citation as the senate may direct, setting forth the time and place of their sitting to try the impeachment; which service shall be made by the sheriff, or such other sworn officer as the senate may appoint, at least fourteen days previous to the time of trial; and such citation being duly served and returned, the senate may proceed in the hearing of the impeachment, giving the person impeached, if he shall appear, full liberty of producing witnesses and proofs, and of making his defense, by himself and counsel, and may also, upon his refusing or neglecting to appear hear the proofs in support of the impeachment, and render judgment thereon, his nonappearance notwithstanding; and such judgment shall have the same force and effect as if the person impeached had appeared and pleaded in the trial.
[Art.] 39. [Judgment on Impeachment Limited.] Their judgment, however, shall not extend further than removal from office, disqualification to hold or enjoy any place of honor, trust, or profit, under this state, but the party so convicted, shall nevertheless be liable to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to the laws of the land.
[Art.] 40. [Chief Justice to Preside on Impeachment of Governor.] Whenever the Governor shall be impeached, the chief justice of the supreme judicial court, shall, during the trial, preside in the senate, but have no vote therein